simplebooklet thumbnail

of 0

Blue is for Firefly Squid

The World of Interesting animals

Discovering the Worlds Perfectly Blue Animals

by Sasha Delgado

Blue is for

Firefly Squid

Discovering the Worlds Perfectly Blue Animals

by Sasha Delgado

   

Think you know  Blue?

Think again...

Blue is for Firefly Squid

     The FIREFLY SQUID is a glowing, small, aquatic animal that lies in the “depths of the ocean”. Firefly Squids usually stay about 600-1200 feet underwater. Coming up to spawn their eggs or go hunting is what they do when they are not underwater. To help them survive they flash the colors that are on their body to make them seem bigger and more ferocious (though I wouldn't be scared of a 3-inch squid). They also sometimes shine their colors in unison. Flashy!  All this shimmering makes a beautiful pattern that people love to see!

Ooh, la la! Bright!

       These Firefly squids protect themselves a different way than you or I would. They use a skill they have called counter-illumination to save themselves from their predators. This incredibly increases the Firefly Squids chances of survival. What they do is they light up their entire body to a certain color so that they can match the background of where they are. They can light up their body because they have parts of their bodies called photophores that help them do this. This is the way that FireFly Squids camouflage!



Name: Firefly Squids


Species name: Watasenia Scintillans


Weight: Adults weigh 0.31 oz


Diet: They eat planktonic crustaceans, small fishes, crabs, and shrimps.


Habitat: Firefly Squids swim happily in the Western Pacific Ocean


Predators and Threats: These Firefly Squids are hunted by sperm whales and AHH! KIller whales.





Blue is for Blue Whale

       The magnificent BLUE WHALE is the biggest animal on earth! In fact, some can even go up to 108 feet long. As gigantic as 3 buses are how big that is! An adult can weigh up to 300,000 pounds. Even the blue whale is the biggest animal on earth, their “conservation status” is endangered. But, luckily the Blue whale population is increasing!

That's a lot of Milk!

            In a baby blue whales first 7 months of life they drink an enormous amount of milk. This would be a massive diet for other animals, but for blue whales, it is just the normal. Baby Blue whales drink up to 100 gallons of milk a day! It makes it no wonder that they can gain up to 200 pounds a day. When Blue whales enter the world they are still one of the biggest animals in the world! Baby blue whales are about the size of a hippopotamus (Don't get me near the baby)!





Name: Blue Whales 


Species Name: Balaenoptera musculus 


SizeA Female is 82 ft while a Male is 79 ft 


Diet: These whales eat krill, Cope-pod's, and Zooplankton 


Habitat: Indian Ocean, South Pacific Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean, North Pacific Ocean and the Southern Ocean. 


Predators and Threats: Blue whales have no natural Predators for adults but baby blue whales can be ambushed by killer whales. Threats include people. 


 



Blue is for Blue Morpho

The BLUE MORPHO is a gorgeous, phenomenal butterfly. Electric bright blue is the color butterflies have on their wings. But only the top of their wings is blue! Morpho butterflies have a camouflage on the undersides of their wings. This part of their wings is a dull brown with yellow eye-spots scattered about their wings. This makes it so that when A Morpho closes their wings they, camouflage.


Feet Aftertaste?

Ever thought of tasting with your feet your whole life? Well, that is what this butterfly does every day! A Morpho can simply taste a leaf by standing on it. But don't get it confused, they don't chew or eat, they simply taste! This is so they can taste the leaves to see if they are okay for their caterpillars to eat. Butterflies themselves drink!







Name: Blue Morpho


Species Name: Morpho peleides


Size: A Morpho has a wingspan of 5-8 inches


Diet: Blue Morpho butterflies drink sap and fruit juices


Habitat: They are found in forests from Mexico to South America


Predators and Threats: They are eaten by birds and insects. Blue Morpho butterflies also live in forests so deforestation and habitat fragmentation is a threat.




Blue is for Blue Poison Dart Frog

         The BLUE POISEN DART FROG is a poisonous, dark blue frog. With its poison, it can kill up to 10 grown men! What is spooky is its higher classification: the dyeing dart frog. Oooh! But, makes it a bit easier for a scientist to understand how they get poison is that fact that not all dart frogs develop poison. Only Poison Dart Frogs in the wild can develop poison, not in captivity. Some people believe this is because poison dart frogs can only get poison from the food they eat. But even if you see one of these frogs in captivity it's still not a good idea to touch it.

Deadly Skin!

           Poison Dart frogs skins can be toxic, sometimes even deadly. This makes these frogs disastrous to touch. Their poison can cause really bad swelling, nausea, and paralysis in your muscles.This is why they only have 1 natural predator which is venomous (and a snake). Their predators manage to not be affected by the poison. Poison Dart frogs are also one of the top 10 most dangerous animals. (I'm not going on that trip to the rainforest anytime soon)



Name: Blue Poison Dart Frog


Species Name:  Dendrobates tinctorius Azureus


Size: Poison Dart Frogs are 1.5-6 cm in length.


Diet: They eat fruit flies, termites, young crickets and tiny beetles.


Habitat: Blue Poison Dart Frogs live in the rainforests of the south and central America.


Predators and threats: Being hunted by a Leimadophis Epinephelus (fire-bellied snake) is a poison dart frogs daily exercise. They are also threatened by deforestation



Blue is for Blue-Spotted Salamander

       BLUE-SPOTTED SALAMANDERS are unique reptiles. Their defense systems are weirder than you would think. When attacked they release a toxin from their tails and put it into the predator's mouth. The toxin is meant to harm their predators and leave them with a bitter taste. If the victim is still alive they pop their tails off and wiggle it to distract other predator. Well that's jiggly!

     

Whoa!How many Toes?

        The Blue Spotted Salamander has a very special trait on their body. It is located on their feet. What is special about this is that they have a different amount of toes on the front of their body than the back of their body.They have 5 toes on the back of their body and 4 toes on the front! This gives them mind-boggling appearance.  So don't be surprised if you ever see one!


Name: Blue-Spotted Salamander


Species Name: Ambystoma laterale


Size: These salamanders are  8 to 14 cm long


Diet: They eat earthworms, snails, spiders, slugs, centipedes, and small insects


Habitat: Blue-Spotted Salamanders live in the swampy wetlands, forests, and open fields.


Predators and Threats: They are hunted by birds, raccoons, dogs, fishes, snakes, and other big Aquatic animals.

Blue is for Blue racer snake

       The BLUE RACER SNAKE is a bright blue big reptile.  They are one of the largest snakes in Ontario. They have fairly big eyes for snakes. They are non-venomous. They also have black beady eyes and a black tongue. The underside of the snake is a creamy white, but don't get tricked by its beauty, its bite can still be painful.

OUCH! PAINFUL!

     The Blue Racer snake is beautiful but dangerous. If the blue racer snake finds you annoying, it will make vibrating sounds. A warning, this should be, to someone stumbling along one or to anyone. It could feel annoyed if you approach it the wrong way so it vibrates its tail. Its vibrating buzz is supposed to tell an animal that this snakes to get out of its territory. Their buzz can also sound like a rattlesnake so don't get confused! But at the end of the day, even though blue racer snakes are non-venomous it, they can still give something a painful bite.


Name: Blue racer snake


Species Name: Coluber constrictor foxii


Size: Racer snakes are 90-152 cm long.


Diet: What these snakes eat are, crickets, small insects, small rodents, frogs, birds and other small snakes


Habitat: Silently slithering in Savannas, hedgerows, marshes, lake edges, and meadows, is what Blue racer snakes do.


Predators and Threats: Blue Racer snakes are hunted by red-tailed hawks, northern harriers, great horned owls, raccoons, foxes, and coyotes.

Blue is for Blue Glaucus

          The BLUE GLAUCUS is a very small animal that can cause big and sometimes dangerous amounts of pain. How people get stung is they wash up on beaches and then someone goes to pick it up. And Bam! You get stung. This happened because these blue sea slugs inject it into your skin. In some rare cases, their poison leads to death. So, if you ever see them, stay away!

Bellies can save lives!

         Blue Glaucus underbellies play an important part in their life. They help them survive! This strategy is called camouflage. Their underbellies are shades that look like the color of where they live. They do this so they can hide from their predators. The reason the camouflage is on their underbellies is that they sometimes float around on it!



Name: Blue Glaucus


Species Name: Glaucus atlanticus


Size: In length, they are 3 cm.


DIet: These sea slugs eat hydrozoans.


Habitat: Blue Glaucus inhabit temperate and tropical waters.


Predators and Threats: They are threatened by Capserization.






Name: Blue Glaucus


Species Name: Glaucus atlanticus


Size: In length, they are 3 cm.


DIet: These sea slugs eat hydrozoans.


Habitat: Blue Glaucus inhabit temperate and tropical waters.


Predators and Threats: A thereat for the Blue Glaucus is being captured.




Blue is for little blue heron

       The LITTLE BLUE HERON is a beautiful detailed bird.  Small and not too energetic, is what scientist often have to say about these magnificent birds . This heron has small yellow eyes and a large beak that is thick at the base. Greenish long legs are to go with these birds blue body. Little blue herons that are adults commonly have blue or grey plumage. While little blue heron babies usually are all white. And they are also 24” long.

      Squawk!!! That is a sound that could easily be mistaken for a parrot.  But no, that is the sound of a little Blue Heron. They will sound like this if they are fighting ferociously. They may be fighting over food or territory or really anything. But you know if its a parrot or a heron because herons don't live in rain forests! Or, really just by looking at it.

Parrots!?



Name: Little Blue Heron


Species Name: Egretta caerulea


Weight: Little blue herons are 14 oz.


Diet: Meals can consist of frogs, fish, crustaceans, small rodents, and insects.


Habitat: They live in fresh or salt water bodies.


Predators and threats: Little blue herons are eaten by  Cougars, Raptors, Coyotes, Ravens, foxes, raccoons, crows



Blue is for Ocellated Turkey

The OCELLATED TURKEY  is a unique bird. It is very different from most birds. For example, it has a “higher pitched mating call” than some other turkeys have. And unlike American wild turkeys, they are very colorful, it's almost unreal. They are very beautiful compared to other turkeys.  They can even grow up to 1.2 meters long!

A Turkeys Bright Head

      Ocellated Turkeys have a very vivid head. Their head is a dull blue, which fits perfectly with the rest of its colorful body. Ocellated turkeys also do not have a “beard” that most turkeys have.  They have a bright red ring around their eyes. And you cannot forget warts that usually appear on males heads! The warts are bright red and orange. Warts can also vary from small to huge!



Name: Ocellated Turkey


Species Name: Meleagris ocellata


Weight: Males weigh 11 lbs, while females weigh 6.6 lbs.


Diet:  Scavenging for Nuts, berries, seeds, leaves, moths, and ants, is what Ocellated turkeys do.


Habitat: They live in lowland evergreen forests, tropical deciduous and clearings like abandoned places.


Predators and threats: Ocellated Turkeys are hunted by margay cats, ocelots, raccoons, coatis, jaguarundi, gray foxes, jaguars, snakes, cougars, and birds of prey. Their threats are Habitat loss, Degradation, and people.





Blue is for blue-tailed skink

       BLUE-TAILED SKINKS are unique creatures.They have an electric blue tail. Skinks bodies are a  brownish-black up until they meet the tail at the end. These lizards also have yellow cream-ish colored lines running down their whole body. Blue-tailed skinks also have short stubby feet. Sometimes their appearance makes them look like a snake.

      Blue-Tailed skinks have an interesting defense system.When Blue-Tailed skinks feel attacked or threatened they will do something with their tail. They’ll pop it off! And to furthermore distract the predator, they will start wiggling their tail. This is why their tail is a bright blue. But don't worry, they can grow back their tail in 3-4 months.

No tail!?!



Name: Blue-Tailed skink


Species Name: Cryptoblepharus egeriae


Size: 4.9 to 8.5 inches


Diet: Blue-tailed skinks eat crickets, mealworms, slaters, grasshoppers, beetles, small insects, and spiders.


Habitat: Known to be found in Ontario, on the western side of Minnesota, Missouri, eastern Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Florida, Mississippi, Texas, Louisiana and Texas, is what Blue-Tailed skinks are for.


Predators and Threats: They are known to be eaten by cats, snakes, crows, hawks, shrews, moles, possums, skunks and raccoons. These skinks are threatened by diseases.



Counter-illumination: A method of camouflage seen in animals like the Firefly Squids, the method allows the animals to make light that matches the background of the animal.

Photophores: A light producing organ found in certain fishes and other animals.

Camouflage: A method used by people and animals to help them survive (their body or clothes matched their background).

Conservation status: A status that shows whether a group of organisms still exists and how likely the group is to become extinct in the near future.

Ambushed: When something or someone is surprise attacked by someone or something.

Deforestation: The clearing or removing of a forest.

Nausea: A feeling of sickness that sometimes results in vomiting.

ParalysisThe loss of the ability to move.

Hydrozoans: An (small) animal that lives in salt water. 

Capture: To take into one's possession.

Plumage: A birds feathers as a whole.

Mating call:  A voice signal used by animals to attract mates.


Glossary

THE GREEN POISON DART FROG

THE YELLOW BANDED POISON DART FROG

The Blue poison dart frog also has some other colorful friends:

THE MARANON POISON FROG

THE GOLDEN POISON DART FROG

THE STRAWBERRY POISON DART FROG