A major part of ancient Roman culture was their government. Rome’s government was known as a Republic and had three branches, elected judges, the Senate, and popular assemblies. Consuls were two men who were appointed by the assembly to have power over the senate and be military leaders. The Senate was a group of wealthy men who didn’t have the power to make laws; instead, their job was to advise the consuls and guide religious life and finances in Rome. The judges were meant to help the consuls rule Rome by overseeing aspects of life such as temples, finances, public records, the military, and courts. Assemblies were made up of regular Roman citizens, and their powers changed over the years from being able to make laws to electing the magistrates. Since the government of Rome was made to protect the citizens of Rome and to give them a say in how the country was run, it is a crucial part of Rome's culture (Wasson).
Religion affected the daily lives and culture of Rome. Romans believed in two different sets of supernatural beings, Spirits that protected individuals and their families and public gods who were believed to help the country as a whole. By worshiping the public gods, such as Jupiter and Mars, the Romans were trying to earn the blessing of the gods, but in order to earn their blessing, the Romans wouldn't have to live by certain laws or have certain morals; instead, the Romans would have to make sacrifices and pray to the gods. Ultimately, the goal of the Roman religion was to connect people to each other. By worshiping Spirits, families became closer, and by worshiping public gods, the citizens became involved in government and with the rulers of Rome. Since the Roman's religion determined what they did on a daily basis and helped the people relate to each other better, religion was a major part of their culture ("Religion").
The history of the Roman Empire is a complicated part of their culture. There is a legend that says the city of Rome was started by brothers named Romulus and Remus, who fought over the city until Romulus killed Remus to become the first king of Rome. However, the story might not be true, but what is known is that people from many different tribes in what is now modern day Italy and Greece were the first people to live in Rome. Rome was originally run by kings who held complete power even though they did have a Senate to advise them. Not all of the kings were good rulers, and eventually the Senate and the people overthrew the kings and set up the Roman Republic. During the Republic, Rome grew into an empire because of the consuls, especially Julius Caesar. Since Rome had a long and difficult history, it affected the culture of the empire ("Ancient Rome: Early History of Rome").
"Ancient Rome: Early History of Rome." Ducksters Education Site, Technological Solutions, Inc., 2017,
“Religion.” PBS, Devillier Donegan Enterprises, 2006, www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/religion.html.
Wasson, Donald L. “Roman Government.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited,
29 Nov. 2015, www.ancient.eu/Roman_Government/.