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A small booklet about ISIS

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 ISIS

TRAIL OF TERROR



WHAT I ALREADY KNOW

ARE A SELF FUNDING GROUP

HAVE TAKEN OVER A LAND MASS BIGGER THAN ENGLAND

INSPIRE TERROR ATTACKS ALL OVER THE WORLD

SPLIT OFF THE TERROR GROUP AL QAEDA

HAVE PERFORMED MULTIPLE EXECUTIONS AND CRUSIFICTIONS

HAVE PERFORMED DEADLY AND HORRIFYING ATTACKS OF TERRORISM ALL OVER THE WORLD

NAME STANDS FOR ISLAMIC STATE IN IRAN AND SYRIA

HATES WESTERN CULTURE

AIM IS TO CONVERT EVERYONE TO THE ISLAM RELIGION

MANY PEOPLE FLOOD TO JOIN THE GROUP

THEY RADICALISE PEOPLE TO THEIR CAUSE




WHAT I WANT TO KNOW

WHY DOES THE GROUP RESORT TO TERRORISM?

HOW DID ISIS START?

WHAT COUNTRIES HAVE THEY HAD AN EFFECT ON?


WHY IS ISIS SO POWERFUL?

ISIS HAVE GAINED POWER THROUGH SELLING OIL, RADICALIZING PEOPLE THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA, WINNING THE HARTS OF THE FIGHTERS, FIGHTING SMART AND OFFERING IDENTITY, COMMUNITY AND FAITH. ISIS IN 2012 TOOK OVER OIL FIELDS IN EASTERN SYRIA OIL IS AN EXPENSIVE RESOURCE; SELLING IT BRINGS IS BIG BUCKS FOR ISIS. THEY SELL OIL THROUGH THE BLACK MARKET. THEY SELL THE OIL TO TRADER WHO IN TURN SELL IT ON. THEY SOMETIMES SELL THEM TO THE COUNTRIES WHO ARE FIGHTING ISIS EFFECTIVELY THE COUNTRIES ARE ACTUALLY AIDING ISIS. US SECRETARY OF DEFENSE ASHTON CARTER, TOLD CONGRESS THAT ISLAMIC STATE IS "A SOCIAL-MEDIA-FUELED TERRORISM GROUP". HE SAID INDIVIDUALS “WHO ARE VERY DISTANT FROM ANY BATTLEFIELD, FROM ANY EXPERIENCE OF RADICALISM ARE SUDDENLY BECOMING ENTICED THROUGH SOCIAL-MEDIA". RADICALIZATION VIDEOS HAVE BEEN PUT UP ON MANY SOCIAL-MEDIA THESE VIDEOS ARE MOSTLY IN ENGLISH AND ARE VERY HIGH QUALITY. SOME HAVE EVEN BEEN COMPARED TO HOLLYWOOD ACTION FILM TRAILERS. WHATS MORE ISIS PAYS IT'S FIGHTERS THEY PAY MORE THAN THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT PAYS IT'S TROOPS. ISIS FIGHTS SMART ISIS USED CHAOS CREATED IN THE 2013 SYRIAN CIVIL WAR AS AN OPPORTUNITY. THE GROUP ATTACKED THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT AND ALSO SET ITSELF AGAINST OTHER REBEL GROUPS WITHIN SYRIA. BRUTAL TACTICS LIKE BE HEADINGS AND ATTACKING OTHER GROUPS LIKE AL QAEDA DIFFERENTIATED THEM FROM THE PACK. MEMBERS OF OTHER GROUPS SOON DEFECTED TO ISIS. THEY HAVE ALSO PERFORMED HORRIFIC TERROR ATTACKS ALL OVER THE WORLD FURTHER INSTALLING FEAR IN WESTERNERS. THE NEED FOR IDENTITY IS HIGH ON THE LIST FOR YOUNG MEN AS IS THE NEED FOR FITTING IN A COMMUNITY. THIS IS WHAT ISIS OFFERS TO YOUNG MUSLIMS IN ALL COUNTRIES. THIS IS A VERY GOOD TACTIC FOR ACQUIRING PEOPLE TO JOIN THEIR GROUP. IN THE PAST YEAR AROUND 30,000 PEOPLE FROM OVER 100 COUNTRIES HAVE JOINED ISIS. THIS NUMBER IS DOUBLE THE AMOUNT OF PEOPLE FROM LAST YEAR. THEY OFFER IDENTITY AS A FIGHTER AND A WARRIOR AND SOMEONE WHO IS  RIGHTEOUS AND FIGHTS IN THE NAME OF RELIGION. 

OCTOBER 2016

RUSSIAN PASSENGER JET BLEW UP OVER EGYPT KILLING ALL 224 ON BOARD 

MARCH 2016

BRUSSELS IN BELGIUM WAS ATTACKED AND 32 CIVILLIANS WERE KILLED AND A FURTHER 300 INJURED

JUNE 2016

THE DEADLIEST MASS SHOOTING IN U.S HISTORY 49 DEAD AND A FURTHER 53 WOUNDED IN A NIGHT CLUB IN ORLANDO, FLORIDA.

NOVEMBER 2016

SERIES OF ATTACKS IN PARIS THAT KILLED OVER 130 AND WOUNDED OVER 350 PEOPLE

HOW HAS THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY RESPONDED TO ISIS'S ACTIONS?

 MORE THAN TWO DOZEN NATIONS, THE ARAB LEAGUE, THE EUROPEAN UNION AND UNITED NATIONS MET IN  PARIS, CALLING ISIS A THREAT TO THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY AND AGREEING TO "ENSURE THAT THE CULPRITS ARE BROUGHT TO JUSTICE." ACCORDING TO THE PENTAGON, SINCE THE BEGINNING OF HEAVY U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN THE CONFLICT IN AUGUST 2014, THE UNITED STATES HAS HIT AT LEAST 6,278 ISLAMIC STATE TARGETS.  THIS NUMBER INCLUDES 1,779 BUILDINGS, 1,415 FIGHTING POSITIONS, 77 TANKS AND 288 HUMVEES.  FROM THE BEGINING OF THE AIR CAMPAIGN UNTIL THE PRESENT DAY, THERE HAVE BEEN OVER 7,300 AIR STRIKES CARRIED OUT AGAINST THE ISLAMIC STATE BY THE U.S. LED ANTI-ISIS COALITION. SOME COUNTRIES ARE CONTRIBUTING TO THE U.S.-LED MILITARY OPERATION BY PROVIDING ARMS EQUIPMENT, TRAINING OR ADVICE.THE UK HAS COMMITTED OVER 1,350 MILITARY PERSONAL TO THE REGION TO PROVIDE ESSENTIAL SUPPORT TO LOCAL FORCES. IN THE AIR, THE ROYAL AIR FORCE HES CONDUCTED OVER 1,340 AIR STRIKES IN IRAQ AND SYRIA. RUSSIA HAVE ALSO CONTRIBUTED TO THE FIGHT BY SENDING AIRSTRIKES IN SYRIA.

I THINK THAT SOME OF THE ATTACKS HAVE BEEN SUCCESSFUL BUT OTHERS HAVE NOT. FOR INSTANCE, THE SYRIAN NETWORK FOR HUMAN RIGHTS HAS REPORTED THAT 526 CIVILIANS, INCLUDING 137 CHILDREN, HAVE BEEN KILLED IN RUSSIAN AIRSTRIKES.

WHY DOES ISIS RESORT TO TERRORISM?

ISIS USE TERRORISM TO SCARE THEIR ENEMIES, IMPRESS AND RECRUIT PEOPLE. THEY ALSO USE VIOLENCE TO SHOW THEY ARE POWERFUL, MEAN BUSINESS AND TO SHOW THAT THEY WILL NOT LET ANYTHING STAND IN THEIR WAY. MUSLIM MEN ALL OVER THE WORLD JOIN ISIS AND OTHER EXTREMEST GROUPS BECAUSE THEY FEEL PART OF A GREATER MISSION - TO RESSURECT A STRONG ISLAMIC LEADER AND BE PART OF A TIGHT-KNIT COMMUNITY WITH AN IDENTITY. IT'S EXPLOITS ON THE BATTLE FEILD - ESPECIALLY CAPTURING LARGE AREAS OF TERRITORY IN SYRIA AND IRAQ, AND ESTABLISHING AN ISLAMIC LEADER- RESONATES NEAR AND FAR. NOTHING SUCCEEDS LIKE SUCCESS AND ISIS' RECENT MILITARY GAINS HAVE MADE IT EASY FOR THEM TO ATTRACT RECRUITS ISIS IS THOUGHT TO RAISE SEVERAL MILLION EVERY MONTH BY ROBBING, KIDNAPPING, EXTORTION AND MAKING RELIGIOUS MINORITIES PAY A TAX. THEY DO THIS VIA VIOLENCE AND FEAR. 

HOW WAS ISIS FORMED?


ISIS IS A TERRORIST GROUP TO SPLIT OFF AL-QUEDA THE INFAMOUS ORGANIZATION THAT PERFORMED THE TWIN TOWER ATTACKS. THEY FIRST STARTED AS ISI: ISLAMIC STATE IN IRAQ. BUT WAS IN A SERVEARLY WEAKENED STATE FROM ONGOING AMERICAN ATTACKS. IN 2010 A NEW LEADER WAS ELECTED AND ISI GREW IN SIZE. BY 2013 IT WAS UP TO FULL STRENGTH. BY THIS TIME ISIS HAD TAKEN OVER SYRIAN LAND AND NOW CALLED THEMSELVES ISIS: ISLAMIC STATE IN IRAQ AND SYRIA. AL-QUEDA THOUGHT THAT ISIS' BRUTALITY WAS TO EXTREME AND THEY SPLIT APART. IN 2014 IT DECLARED A CALIPHATE- A STATE WHERE THERE IS A CALIPH, AN ISLAMIC LEADER WHO THEY DECLARE IS A SUCCESSOR TO THE ISLAMIC PROPHET MUHAMMAD. THEIR CALIPH IS ABU BAKR AL-BAGHDADI. THEY WANT ALL MUSLIMS TO SWEAR ALLEGENCE TO THIS LEADER

WHAT COUNTRIES HAS ISIS HAD AN EFFECT ON? 


THE TWO MAIN COUNTRIES THAT ISIS HAS HAD AN EFFECT ON ARE IRAQ AND SYRIA. THEY HAVE HAD AN EFFECT ON THEM BY TAKING OVER THEIR LAND AND TERRORISING THE PEOPLE IN THEM. THEY HAVE EFFECTED THE CIVILIANS THE MOST BY MIXING IN WITH THEM AND MAKING COUNTRIES KILL THEM TOO. A GOOD EXAMPLE OF THIS IS THE KHAN SHEIKHOUN CHEMICAL ATTACKS CARRIED OUT BUT THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT. THESE ATTACKS CAUSED HUNDREDS OF CIVILIAN DEATHS. ISIS HAS HAD AN EFFECT OF THE HOLE GLOBE. ISIS HAVE BEEN RECRUITING PEOPLE FROM EVERYWHERE RADICALISING PEOPLE ONLINE AND INFLUENCING THEM TO PERFORM HORRIFIC ATTACKS IN THEIR HOME COUNTRIES. WE HAVE SEEN INSTANCES OF THIS IN FRANCE, BELGIUM, ENGLAND, AMERICA, CANADA AND DENMARK. THEY HAVE EVEN REACHED AUSTRALIA. THE EFFECT OF THE SYRIAN REFUGEES IS ALSO GREAT. THE REFUGEES ARE FLEEING THE VIOLENCE IN SYRIA.